This means that the school administrators and teachers have special parental authority over their students and pupils while they are within the custody of the school. This special parental authority imposes upon them liabilities for any harm that may befall upon their students while they are within the control of the school officials.
As such they are authorized to restrict certain conducts which violate school policy. Another justification for restricting the exercise of Freedom of Expression is its responsibility to promote an environment that is conducive to learning.
A university or college is an institution of learning. The school may not be able to perform its function of transmitting knowledge and giving birth to new ideas if the students are distracted by acts and conducts which interferes with learning.
Thus, it becomes the responsibility of the school to suppress and limit certain conduct so that the administrators are able to promote learning. Because of the diversity of cultures, races, sexual preferences and orientations of the students in the school, personality clashes are bound to arise. Though these students may not actually inflict physical harm against the minority students, their personality clashes may cross the line of simple diversity and may actually result to one group of students inflicting verbal assaults and hateful language or even violence.
As a result one group of student belonging to a particular race or culture may actually be harassed by the others. Thus, school administrators have the duty not only to promote an atmosphere of learning for the students, but also to promote respect amidst these diversity. Reasons why Exercise of Freedom of Expression should be Upheld.
Freedom of thought and expression are essential to any educational institutions. As Socrates, the Greek Philosopher once said, educational institutions exist not only to transmit to their students established and existing knowledge but they must also help their students expand these established knowledge or give birth to new ideas and knowledge. Schools serve as a training ground for students to market their ideas. If these ideas will be restricted and curtailed then the quality of ideas that we have for our society will remain stagnant.
Also, the kinds of citizens that our country will have will be similar to automated robots who do not know how to think for themselves. We cannot risk the future of our society to ideas that have not withstood the tests of time and the test of competition in the market of ideas.
It is sad that the highest court of the land, the Supreme Court, does not seem to have a clear stand on this issue. In some cases, the Supreme Court of the United States has ruled in favor of the students thereby upholding their First Amendment right.
On the other hand, in some cases the Supreme Court has ruled in favor of the school officials thereby restricting their First Amendment rights.
In this case, three students wore their armband to school as an expression if their objection to the hostility in Vietnam and their support for a truce. They were however suspended by the school officials. According to the Supreme Court, the wearing of an armband for the purpose of expressing certain views and opinions is the type of symbolic act that is covered by the protection of the First Amendment.
It is foolhardy to believe that the students and teachers shed their constitutional rights to freedom of speech or expression once they enter their school campus. There was also no indication that the students who wore armband disrupted the class. The argument therefore by the school authorities that their act was reasonable based on their fear of a disturbance that the act may create from the wearing of armband is untenable.
On the other hand, the Supreme Court took a different position in the case of Hazelwood School District v. The principal however objected and wanted these parts removed. Other liberties include those that deal with crime and due process of the law. These liberties are important because they protect innocent people during prosecution. These rights include people being innocent until they are proven guilty, the right for legal counsel and the right to be tried by a jury.
President Roosevelt warned against civil liberties being squashed in the name of something bigger. For instance, other countries during war time undermine the freedom of speech and the press under the guise of national security. One such incident occurred in during the Vietnam war. The New York Times went to court against the government because the Times published information that cast a negative light on the war and the government wanted to sue the paper by saying that it interfered with national security.
Eventually, the New York Times ended up winning. Why Are Civil Liberties Important? Quick Answer Civil liberties are important because they guard the rights and freedom of citizens of the United States. Full Answer Civil liberties protect personal freedoms. Learn more about Law.
- American Civil Liberties Union The American Civil Liberties Union is an organization which takes on the issues of concern to the American public and any violations of their rights, or liberties, including discrimination.
Essay: Civil liberties For many years, gaining equality has been an objective of many blacks in America. Having endured slavery, discrimination, and constant denial of their fundamental rights by white Americans, blacks began standing up for their rights and demanding those freedoms delegated in the Declaration of Independence and the .
Civil Liberties During WWII many civil liberties were affected and felt by the American people; some of these decisions include new policies . Civil liberty, as opposed to natural liberty, refers to the liberty enjoyed by man in society. Freedom in isolation is meaningless. Freedom, to be real, involves the capacity to do or enjoy things in common with others, and no individual can permanently separate his own good from the common good.
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Essay. The Thirteenth Amendment ended slavery and African American slaves gained their freedom during the Civil War; however, this did not mean they were fully integrated into American society. After the . Civil Liberties (And how they differ from civil rights) "If the fires of freedom and civil liberties burn low in other lands, they must be made brighter in our own. If in other lands the press and books and literature of all kinds are censored, we must redouble our efforts here to keep them free.